Notes on Third-Party Influence: Consent and Rivals Clauses

FIFA’s Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players include two provisions that restrict third-party influence on clubs: Article 18bis, which limits influence from other clubs, and Article 18ter, which limits influence from outside entities.  Through FIFA’s enforcement, these two rules have matured into a thick body of law – one that covers almost any …

On Duty: Private Security Companies and the Threshold Element of a Negligence Claim

Imagine the following hypothetical. The owner of an ice rink, where a famous figure skater trains, hires a private security company.  The owner’s main concern is that the rink has become overwhelmed with onlookers.  These crowds swell beyond the building’s capacity, exposing him to large fines for violating the town’s building code.  In addition, the …