Notes on Third-Party Influence: Consent and Rivals Clauses

FIFA’s Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players include two provisions that restrict third-party influence on clubs: Article 18bis, which limits influence from other clubs, and Article 18ter, which limits influence from outside entities.  Through FIFA’s enforcement, these two rules have matured into a thick body of law – one that covers almost any …

FIFA Lurks Under the Bridge

Two weeks ago, FIFA’s Disciplinary Committee punished two French clubs – Angers and Paris FC – for their roles in a so-called “bridge transfer.”  This is a multi-step transaction where clubs arrange for the same player to be transferred twice, over a short time, so they can avoid some rule or regulation.  While clubs have …

FIFA Case Note: Udinese v. Paris St. Germain

Long-standing precedent from FIFA’s Dispute Resolution Chamber entitles clubs to training compensation for the period they take a player on loan.  But the right to compensation does not arise until the parent club transfers the player to a club in another association.  In other words, the time with the parent club and the time on …

Pro/Rel Goes to Court: An Analysis of Miami FC and Kingston Stockade v. FIFA

Last month, the Court of Arbitration for Sport rejected Miami FC and Kingston Stockade’s claim against FIFA, the US Soccer Federation and Major League Soccer for violation of FIFA Article 9, which requires promotion based “principally” on sporting merit. In short, the Panel concluded Article 9 only addressed clubs’ efforts to circumvent formal systems of …